[19] Albazin fell during a short military campaign in 1685. The convergence with the Amgun River is followed by an eastward turn before flowing into the bay at Nikolayevsk-on-Amur.

[15][16] Some sources report also a Chinese presence during the same period on the middle Amur – a fort existed at Aigun for about 20 years during the Yongle era on the left (northwestern) shore of the Amur downstream from the mouth of the Zeya River. The Amur is an important symbol of, and geopolitical factor in, Chinese–Russian relations. Afterwards it continues to flow south until, between the cities of Blagoveshchensk in Russia and Heihe in China, it widens significantly as it is joined by one of its most important tributaries the Zeya. Pham, A.V. Russians re-appeared on the river in the mid-19th century, forcing the Manchus to yield all lands north of the river to the Russian Empire by the Treaty of Aigun (1858). ZooKeys 824: 71-86. The Soviet Reds had the Amur Flotilla which patrolled the river on sequestered riverboats. [citation needed], Chinese cultural and religious influence such as Chinese New Year, the "Chinese god", Chinese motifs like the dragon, spirals, scrolls, and material goods like agriculture, husbandry, heating, iron cooking-pots, silk, and cotton spread among Amur natives such as the Udeghes, Ulchis, and Nanais.[18].

Fedor Soimonov was sent to map the then little explored area of the Amur in 1757.

In the 1930s and during the War the Japanese had their own flotilla on the river. The majority are of the Gobioninae subfamily of Cypriniformes, followed in number by Salmonidae.

The acquisition of the lands on the Amur and the Ussuri was followed by the migration of Russian settlers to the region and the construction of such cities as Blagoveshchensk and, later, Khabarovsk. Numerous river steamers plied the Amur by the late 19th century.

Published by University of Washington Press, 2002. Tsar Nicolas II, then Tsarovitch, visited Vladivostok and then cruised up the river. Its ancient names were Yushui, Wanshui and Heishui. [8], The Chinese name for the river, Heilong Jiang, means Black Dragon River in Chinese, and its Mongolian name, Khar mörön (Cyrillic: Хар мөрөн), means Black River. Afterwards it continues to flow south until between the cities of Blagoveschensk (Russia) and Heihe (China), it widens significantly as it is joined by the Zeya River, one of its most important tributaries. The river rises in the hills in the western part of Northeast China at the confluence of its two major affluents, the Shilka and the Argun (or Ergune), at an elevation of 303 metres (994 ft). The next section after meeting up with the Songhua River flows in a northeastern direction up to Russia’s Khabarovsk City where it converges with the Ussuri River. The Kaluga and Amur sturgeon are endemic.

Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!

The acquisition of the lands on the Amur and the Ussury was followed by the migration of Russian settlers to the region and the construction of such cities as Blagoveshchensk and, later, Khabarovsk. The Amur was especially important in the period of time following the Sino-Soviet political split in the 1960s. Tongjiang-Nizhneleninskoye railway bridge, Sixty-Four Villages East of the Heilong Jiang, The fishes of the Amur River:updated check-list and zoogeography, «Тырские стелы и храм „Юн Нин“ в свете китайско-чжурчжэньских отношений XIV—XV вв.», Endemic sturgeons of the Amur River: kaluga, Huso dauricus, and Amur sturgeon, Acipenser schrencki, "An Unfinished Bridge, and Partnership, Between Russia and China", "China and Russia Linked by New Bridge Across Amur River", "Big Heads and Buddhist Demons: The Korean Military Revolution and Northern Expeditions of 1654 and 1658", Amur-Heilong River Basin Information Center, Information and a map of the Amur’s watershed, Harbin University of Science and Technology, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, McAleavy, Henry.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. Dominic Ziegler's thrillingly thorough geo-history follows the Amur River from its origin on the Mongolian steppes, along the Trans-Siberian Railway and through centuries of Eurasian history. The Amur was especially important in the period following the Sino–Soviet political split in the 1960s. Aigun was re-established near the supposed Ming site in about 1683–84, and a military expeditions went upstream to dislodge the Russians, whose Albazin establishment deprived the Manchu rulers of the tribute of sable pelts that the Solons and Daurs of the area would supply otherwise. He mapped the Shilka, which was partly in Chinese territory, but was turned back when he reached its confluence with the Argun. At the confluence with the Songhua the river turns northeast, now flowing towards Khabarovsk, where it joins the Ussuri River and ceases to define the Russia-China border. The native Manchu people and their Qing Empire of China, who regarded this river as sacred, use the name sahaliyan ula (Black River). [26] In December 2016, work began on the Russian portion of the bridge. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. Russian Cossack expeditions led by Vassili Poyarkov and Yerofey Khabarov explored the Amur and its tributaries in 1643–44 and 1649–51, respectively. [13] For many of these groups, fishing in the Amur and its tributaries was the main source of their livelihood. The hostilities were concluded in 1689 by the Treaty of Nerchinsk, which left the entire Amur valley, from the convergence of the Shilka and the Ergune downstream, in the Chinese hands. Albazin is shown as Jaxa, the old (Ming) site of Aigun as Aihom and the later, Qing Aigun, as Saghalien Oula.

The river arises from its headwaters in the Shilka and Argun Rivers, the former rising at the confluence of the Ingoda and Onon Rivers in Siberia, and the latter arising in Inner Mongolia . It flows east forming the border between China and Russia, and slowly makes a great arc to the southeast for about 400 kilometres (250 mi), receiving many tributaries and passing many small towns. Later, a combined road and rail bridge over the Amur at Komsomolsk-on-Amur (1975; 1400 m) and the road and rail Khabarovsk Bridge (1999; 3890 m) were constructed. Russian Cossack expeditions led by Vassili Poyarkov and Yerofey Khabarov explored the Amur and its tributaries in 1643-1644 and 1649–1651, respectively. The valley narrows after about 200 kilometres (120 mi) and the river again flows north onto plains at the confluence with the Amgun River.

Columbia University Press, 1976. For other uses, see, ✪ S Jakubem na rybách 2017/ 16 díl AMUR na mlaskačku HD. The largest fish species in the Amur is the kaluga, attaining a length as great as 5.6 metres.